Unit 2 – Construction workers

Grammar –⁠ Simple Present Forms

The simple present is just the base form of the verb. Questions are made with do and negative forms are made with do not.

  • Statement: For digging jobs construction workers use an excavator.
  • Question: Do construction workers use many tools?
  • Negative: Construction workers don’t work in offices.

In the third person singular, -s or -es is added. Questions are made with does and negative forms are made with does not.

  • Statement: A construction worker follows all health and safety policies.
  • Question: Does he read blueprints every day?
  • Negative: He does not.
USE 1 –⁠ Repeated Actions
USE 1 –⁠ Repeated Actions
USE 2 –⁠ Facts or Generalizations
USE 2 –⁠ Facts or Generalizations
Use the simple present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. The simple present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
Examples: Examples:
  • A painter paints walls.
  • A musician doesn’t fix things in the community.
  • Do construction workers start working early in the morning?
  • For bigger digging jobs construction workers use an excavator.
  • Doctors and nurses don’t work at a construction site.
  • Do construction workers also use a hammer and nails to put things together?
  • A drill is a tool which makes holes.

Vocabulary

associate with
associate with
spojovat s
dig
dig
kopat, hloubit
equipment
equipment
vybavení, zařízení
duty
duty
povinnost
supplies
supplies
zásoby, dodávky, pomocný materiál
blueprint
blueprint
plán, dokumentace
requirement
requirement
požadavek, nárok, podmínka
health and safety policies
health and safety policies
zásady ochrany zdraví a bezpečnosti

Exercise

1. Connect words with their definitions:

UNIT 2 – Connect words with their definitions

2. Reading text:

Construction workers perform the primary physical work most people associate with construction such as clearing, digging and building. Their duties include manual labor such as transporting supplies and materials to the job site, preparing the job site, testing and operating machinery and equipment, measuring and cutting building materials to exact specifications and using various hand tools and mechanical tools. They also read blueprints to understand project requirements and ensure they follow all health and safety policies and procedures on the job site.

Examples of construction worker jobs

brick masons
zedníci
carpenters
truhláři
plumbers
instalatéři
electricians
elektrikáři
flooring installers
podlaháři
scaffolders
lešenáři
painters and decorators
malíři a natěrači
steel erectors and labourers
oceláři a dělníci
roofers
pokrývači
building estimators
přípraváři staveb
drywall and ceiling tile installers
montéři sádrokartonů a stropních desek

2.1 Which professions use the following tools?

UNIT 2 – Construction workers and tools

3. Video

Ve videu uslyšíte:

shalter
přístřeší
tower
věž
fix
opravit/spravit
dril
vrtačka
hole
díra
jackhammer
pneumatické vrtací kladivo
excavator
rypadlo

Tapescript

Today we will talk about construction workers.

People have always needed homes to shalter them from the cold in the winter, heat in the summer and rain in the fall. People also need roads, towers, parks, theatres and other buildings. All of these appeared  thanks to the hard work of construction workers.

A lot of people work at a construction site. It would be impossible for one person to build a large building or to fix a road alone. Since the beginning of time people have used special tools to build and fix things in the community. Today construction workers have many tools and machines to do their jobs.

This construction worker is using a drill. A drill is a tool which makes holes. Construction workers also use a hammer and nails to put things together.

This wall is being build with bricks and cement. This construction worker is using a trowel to smooth things out.

Sometimes construction workers use machines to do big jobs. A jackhammer is strong enough to break rocks and hard cement.

For bigger digging jobs construction workers use an excavator. An excavator has a special tool that looks like a shovel with huge claws.

3.1 Answer some questions:

  • What is a drill used for? 
  • What is used for smoothing things out? 
  • What do we need for building a wall? 
  • Which tools do you need for putting things together?

Solution


3.2 Translate some sentences:

  • Tento dělník pracuje se sbíječkou každý den.
  • Já nikdy nepracuji s vrtačkou o weekendu. 
  • Zedníci vždy používají zednickou lžíci k vyhlazení povrchu. 

Solution


 

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